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Pelvic Organ Prolapse*

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when pelvic structures, such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum, bulge or protrude into the vaginal wall. This often results in pressure, discomfort, and even vaginal pain.

woman talking to male doctor

Common Symptoms of Prolapse

  • A bulge or lump in the vagina
  • Pulling or stretching feeling in the lower groin area
  • Difficult or painful intercourse
  • Vaginal pain, pressure, irregular bleeding or spotting
  • Frequent need to urinate (overactive bladder)
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder
  • Difficulty emptying bowels
  • A feeling that the bladder is not emptying completely (stress urinary incontinence)
  • Delayed or slow urine stream

What Causes Prolapse?

Prolapse is caused by pelvic muscles and ligaments that have been weakened or damaged over time.

The most common causes of prolapse are:

  • Age
  • Childbirth
  • Hysterectomy and other pelvic surgeries
  • Menopause
  • Obesity
  • Strenuous physical activity
  • Family history

Types of Prolapse


This is a prolapse of the front wall of the vagina that often results in the bladder prolapsing into the vagina. Stress Urinary Incontinence is a common symptom of a cystocele.


This involves a prolapse of the back wall of the vagina. As a result, the rectal wall pushes against the vaginal wall, creating a bulge.


When the front and back walls of the vagina separate, the intestines push against the vaginal skin. An enterocele usually occurs following a hysterectomy.

Prolapsed Uterus

The weakening of a group of ligaments at the top of the vagina causes the uterus to prolapse into the vagina.

Vaginal Vault Prolapse

The top of the vagina falls toward the vaginal opening. This type of prolapse may occur following a hysterectomy.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or have been diagnosed with a type of prolapse contact your provider at Urology Associates, and they will create a treatment plan designed specifically for you.

*Information provided by the Urology Channel.