Prostatitis refers to inflammation or infection of the prostate gland, and it is the most common prostate condition in men over 50. There are four main types of the condition, and each requires care by a urologist. If you have been diagnosed with prostatitis or believe you could have the condition, here is what you need to know.
What are the types of prostatitis?
The most common type of prostatitis is chronic pelvic pain syndrome, or CPPS, which represents about 90% of prostatitis cases. CPPS causes painful ejaculation, pelvic pain, and rectal pain. A second type, asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, does not cause any symptoms and is only diagnosed when your urologist is examining the semen looking for another prostate condition. Acute bacterial prostatitis is an easy-to-treat infection, but it occurs rarely. It causes a sudden onset of pelvic pain, burning during urination, inability to empty the bladder and fever. The fourth type, chronic bacterial prostatitis, is also rare. It causes symptoms similar to acute bacterial prostatitis but less severe and longer lasting.
What are the causes?
There are several different potential causes of prostatitis. Acute and chronic prostatitis occurs when bacteria from urine backs up into the prostate, usually as the result of a bladder infection, recent catheterization, or injury to the prostate. Other forms of prostatitis can be caused by infections, STDs, pelvic muscle spasms, or doing physical activity while your bladder is full.
How is prostatitis treated?
Treatment for prostatitis depends on the type. Prostatitis caused by bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics. In some cases, it may be necessary to take the medication for several months. CPPS can be more challenging to treat. Your urologist may try multiple treatments, including muscle relaxants, and alpha blockers. Warm baths, physical therapy, and dietary changes, including avoiding spicy or acidic foods, may also help.
If you are experiencing the symptoms of prostatitis or another urological condition, make an appointment with Urology Associates, PC. We provide comprehensive urology services, from erectile dysfunction care to treatment for incontinence in Tennessee. For more information or to schedule a consultation, please call 888-656-0667.